Organic farming is a type of agriculture that is exploited soil fertility and biodiversità: in production there isn’t the use of chemicals and genetically modified organisms but it promotes a low environmental impact. European legislation has regulated for the first time this type of agriculture in 1991, with the EEC Reg. No. 2092/91. However, part of the 2007 EU regulation that repeals the previous legislation and incorporates into EC No. 834/2007 the production and labeling of plant and animal origin. In Italy, the application of this legislation was endorsed by the Ministerial Decree 220/95. Organic farming is distinguished from "conventional" because it aims to protect the environment with the reintroduction of organic matter in the agro-system and techniques to prevent the exploitation of the soil. In fact, while in conventional generation is the use of chemicals in organic farming using natural fertilizers (manure and organic compounds) and as "herbicides" are used extracts from natural plants, insects and minerals to keep away parasites. Organic agriculture is implementing preventative measures for the production of crops. You choose disease-resistant varieties and using appropriate farming techniques. Crop rotation is one of them: it is intended to make more profitable use of nutrients in the ground so as not to impoverish and keep bugs crittogami to find a habitat conducive to proliferation. Another technique used in organic farming is the planting of hedgerows and trees as well as being a natural barrier to pests it is also possible sources of external pollution. Finally, there is the congregation that consists in cultivating different plants with the aim to keep away the pests that feed one or the plant. It must be said that the European regulation provides for a "positive list" of natural substances that the farmer is allowed to use in case of need for the protection of crops from pests or other problems.
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